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Causes and Risk Factors of Addictions

Causes and Risk Factors of Addictions

Many of the quarters associate addiction with drug and alcohol consumption. However, this limits the extent of addictions within society. Having a better understanding of the term addiction will pave way for a more productive way of treating addictions.

Addiction is best referred to as the compulsive usage of any substance, behavior, feeling, or person with disregard for the negative physical, psychological and social consequences.

Causes of Addictions

There are several theories that propose the causes of addictions and some include the genetic predisposition; humans are born with a particular genetic predisposition to getting addicted. Other causes of addiction are mental illness and biochemicals. It has been discovered that many people are taking prescription drugs against the doctor’s knowledge to help them sleep as opposed to treating disease.

According to the weight loss pills reviews people are advised to take diet pills according to the doctor’s prescription. As opposed to deciding to buy weight loss pills without a doctor’s prescription.

Regardless of the cause espoused, many experts consider addictions as a disease that can be inherited. They suggest that people inherit a tendency to addictions, even when they do not become addicted to a particular substance. There are other researchers who suggest that addictions are not diseases but rather responses to pain.

Risks Factors

People of any sex, economic status, or age can become addicted. However, certain factors affect the chances of developing an addiction including a family history of addictions, being male, having other psychological problems, peer pressure, lack of parental involvement, taking highly addictive drugs, and anxiety, depression & loneliness.

Addictions are common in certain families. Therefore, if a person has a blood relative, like a sibling or parent with drug or alcohol problems they stand a higher chance of becoming a drug or alcohol addict.

Furthermore, being a man makes you twice as likely to experience drug problems. In case you have been diagnosed with another psychological problem like post-traumatic stress disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or depression, you are likely to become an addict.

Peer pressure plays a fundamental role in making people addicts. This is particularly the case among young people. Many young people are into drugs and taking alcohol as a result of being introduced by peers. The lack of parental attachment increases the chances of addiction. This often arises because there is no parental supervision.

Furthermore, taking highly addictive drugs such as cocaine and heroin has the ability to cause addiction faster. Anxiety, depression, as well as loneliness, often cause some people to become addicted. Many get addicted to porn, drugs, and alcohol as they seek to get rid of painful psychological feelings.

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How To Get Rid Of Alcohol

get rid of alcohol

When someone becomes physically or mentally dependent on a particular thing, then that condition is called addiction. The victims of alcoholism remain restless until they get alcohol. Such people remain abnormal before consuming the drug and find themselves in a normal state after getting it. This condition makes such people completely ill. Alcohol addiction is an incurable disease. It enters the body under many pretexts and slowly takes over life. When it exceeds the limit, the drunkard starts sobbing to get salvation.

Alcoholism is a clever, powerful and elusive disease. The person who comes in its grip makes all kinds of excuses to get it. When an alcoholic is solicited for this, he does not refrain from lying, even swearing. He finds himself weak in the face of this addiction.

signs of addiction

If a person shows the following symptoms, then he may be addicted to alcohol. These symptoms vary from person to person.

  • Anxiety, restlessness, irritability, excessive eagerness.
    Anger, sudden change in mood.
  • Stress, mental exhaustion.
    Difficulty in making decisions.
  • Decreased memory.
  • Insomnia.
  • Severe headache.
    Excessive sweating, especially from the palms and soles of the feet.
  • Nausea and loss of appetite.
    Body trembling and blinking.
  • Cramps and twitching in the body.

Cause of Addiction

Genetic Trait
Experts believe that alcohol addiction is a genetic disease. A study shown that children whose parents are alcoholics are more likely to become addicted to alcohol than normal children. They have been found to have genes that make them attracted to alcohol and they become addicted to it. Such people also find it very difficult to give up alcohol.

Home Environment
Many a times, women and men take the help of alcohol after being troubled by the domestic situation. Gradually it becomes their habit. If an elder member of the household drinks alcohol, it also affects other members. Especially it has a great effect on children. Sometimes it also happens that if the husband is taking alcohol, then he insists on the wife too and later the wife also gets used to it.

Fellowship of Peers
Such people living in the company of alcoholic companions also get addicted to it, who do not consume it at all.

Special Occasion
Be it any event in the family, parties or a festival, the name of alcohol always comes forward. Sometimes people who talk about taking slowly come closer to alcohol.

Alcoholics of All Kinds
After drinking how much, understand that there is an addiction, how many are regular, how many are social, how much is not harmful to the body, the limit which is wrong to cross?

Alcoholic: There are 10 percent of the people in the world who suffer from a disease called alcoholism or alcoholism. Such chemicals develop in the body of such people, due to which after drinking alcohol once, they are forced to drink alcohol again and again. The name of this chemical is tetrahydroisoquinoline.

Others: 90 percent of the people who drink alcohol are those who either do social drinking or are regular drinkers. There are those in the regular drinker, who take 30-40 ml of alcohol daily at night and go to sleep after eating. Such alcoholics take alcohol on special occasions, sometimes even during the day. Some take it as a hobby.

Some of the social and regular drinkers become alcoholic and associate their life with alcohol.


Alcohol not only causes physical and mental diseases, but such people also get involved in crime.
Alcohol is a basis of mental illness. It can cause diseases of the nervous system, liver and stomach.
There is also a fear of heart disease due to this.
First of all, family problems increase due to alcoholism. They do all kinds of domestic violence.
Alcohol addiction is a disease worse than cancer. Cancer makes only one person sick, but alcohol addiction directly makes many people sick.

Ethyl alcohol is used in alcohol. It dissolves easily in human blood. This is the reason that along with taking alcohol, it starts affecting all the parts of the body. Long-term use can lead to liver cirrhosis. It is a difficult disease to get rid of. Ethyl alcohol also causes disturbances in digestion.


Alcohol causes inflammation of the liver, stomach and diseases related to the nervous system. In Ayurveda, medicine is given to overcome these diseases and along with it an alternative to alcohol is given in which the amount of alcohol is very less.

Aloe vera is beneficial for the liver, while Ashwagandha strengthens the nervous system and brain. Apart from this, Jatamansi is also given. Sarthak Churna, Brahmi Ghritam etc. reduce the poison of alcohol from the body. Apart from this, Shankhpushpi, Kutki, Arogya Vardhani etc. are given. Sura is consumed as a substitute for alcohol. Instead of alcohol, 30-40 ml of Mritsanjeevani sura is given. After that it is gradually reduced. Along with this, such patients are sent to counseling centre. Ayurveda experts recommend that these medicines should be used only with the advice of a doctor or Vaidya.

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Addiction in modern world

Drug Addiction in Modern World

The United Nations has observed June 26, 1987 as the ‘World Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Drug Trafficking’ in view of the growing rate of drug abuse in the world and the urgency of the global fight against its growing drug trafficking. However, the number of drug addicts worldwide seems to be declining during this period. Addiction in modern world has too many different parameters as compared to the old days.

According to the latest World Drug Report, the number of drug users in the world is currently at least 35.6 million. One-third of these diagnoses are women. In particular, drug addiction is more prevalent in developed nations than in underdeveloped nations. According to a survey conducted by the Indian Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in 2019, at least 4 million people in India were addicted to cannabis and 5 million to cannabis or marijuana addiction. Around 51 lakh people in India addicted to inhaled drugs. These include drugs such as cigarettes, marijuana, cocaine, and other substances inhaled, such as gasoline and whitener.

Situation in India

That is to say, there are about one crore 41 lakh drug addicts in India. Of these, 50 per cent are from nly five of the 28 states in India. On the other hand there are 4 states which have the highest number of drug addicts in terms of population density. Unfortunately, some state governments are lifting liquor ban, just to get revenue by ignoring the drug crisis.

In an Internet-friendly and communicative world, the scope of addiction is beyond drugs and alcohol. There is also strains of behavioral addiction. The current psychiatric classification system also includes gambling and virtual computer games. These addictions reduce the efficiency of the working manpower and cause great loss to the society. Not only the individual but also the surrounding society is equally responsible for this global catastrophe.

Back to World Scenario

Unfortunately, only one in eight addicts in the world treats this condition. What could be the reason for such a disturbing mood like intoxication? One may also wonder what exactly does the addict get from the consumption of those substances? or even what is your role as a society? These questions certainly need answers. Dr. Gabor Matte, an American physician and author, states: ‘A person’s addiction does not develop in isolation. The development of a person’s thoughts and brain takes place through constant interaction with the surrounding environment. Indoor and outdoor environment, other mental or physical illnesses as well as heredity are also one of the reasons for the increase in this disorder. Technological leap is certainly a main reason for addiction in the modern world .

One common denominator of all these drugs is that they increase the craving for these substances. Their common property is that all these substances cause such changes in the hormones in the brain that they relieve the human suffering for some time. Many people use these drugs to alleviate this mental instability and the resulting stress. They consume drugs until they become unconscious. Despite knowing the side effects of all these, the person still feels that these substances in a way gave him the courage to face traumatic situations.

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Negative effects of Tobacco on Human Health

Negative effects of Tobacco are not visible immediately. Tobacco is like a slow poison. Excessive consumption of Tobacco in any form has tremendous adverse effects of human health. 

Diseases which result from Tobacco

Tobacco is one of the major culprits for Cancer, as it has almost seventy chemicals which can cause Cancer. Nearly 50% of people who consume Tobacco on regular basis, die due to health complications resulted from Tobacco consumption. Diseases which result from Tobacco use are generally related to mouth, lungs, heart and lever. Contribution to Cancer of Kidney, Bladder and Pancreas has also been noticed. Average life expectancy in tobacco consumer is also lesser, compared to others who do not consume tobacco.

The addictive nature of Tobacco is mainly due to Nicotine. Nicotine creates dependency on both the fronts, physical and psychological. Tobacco smoke contains certain molecules. This molecules cause mutations as they attach to human DNA. Ultimately over long period, this results in Cancer. These mutations may be carried forward in next generation as well.

Tobacco consumption

Tobacco exposure or consumption can be of various natures. Though smoking is the most preferred way, Chewing tobacco in various forms also contributes substantially.

Smoking has different categories and ways, Cigarettes or Cigars is being the prime. There are also local versions of the same in the form of Bidi, Hookahs etc . Non-smoking persons also consume tobacco due to smoking habits of another person. This is called as Passive smoking. It has similar adverse effects, though the intensity might be little lesser. Inhaling smoke starts its adverse effects on tooth, mouth, throat, lungs and most of the internal organs in stomach.

Many people preferred Direct chewing of Tobacco for long time. This is either in raw form or through betel leaves (Paan). Now-a-days flavored powders or a mixture of flavored items, generally terms as Gutka has taken place of Paan.

One should always remember that when negative effects of tobacco are visible, it is always too late.

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Who can become Drug Addict ?

Risk of drug addiction is basically not the same for everyone. Advances in Genealogy have reached at a stage, where we can predict a probability of whether a person can have specific disease or not. Since we treat, Drug Addiction as a disease. One may think that on similar lines, that we will able to predict whether a person can become drug addict or not. At least we can safely attach a probability to the answer. But as of today, it is not an easy prediction to be put forth.

Factors affecting probability of Drug Addiction

There are multiple factors, which govern a human mind and as a result its decision making process. Drug Addiction depends on complex machinery formed by the dual of mind and body. As we know, human body and mind matters, both are influenced by environmental factors in addition to their own structure and strength.

To predict whether a person can become Drug Addict, ultimately depends upon all these factors. Each factor adds its own weightage to the risk probability of addiction. With a combination of all such weightage, we will arrive at a probability figure, which indicate the risk of drug addiction.

Risk Factors

However there are certain risk factors which may influence the path towards drug addiction. The more risk factors a person has, the probability for consumption to  drug addiction, increases. Generally the factors which influence, risk of drug addiction are as follows :

Biology : The genes that one is born with, has maximum influence on the risk that (s)he will become drug-addict.

Environment : A person’s environment includes many different influences, from family and friends to economic status and general quality of life, moral and academic education (s)he has gone through, community and customs etc.

Development :As explained in the above point, genetic and environmental factors interact with critical developmental stages in a person’s life, to affect risk of drug addiction.

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Stop Addiction

What is addiction ?

Addiction is a psychological and physical inability to stop consuming any substance or to stop any activity, which is causing physical or mental damage to the addict.

Sometimes an addict even realizes that (s)he has to get rid of a particular habit which is ruining his life steadily, day by day, but the attraction of the addiction and carving for the substance or the habit is so high, that mere his/her will power isn’t sufficient to get rid of that habit.

Addiction to a substance not only causes harm to body, it affects mental stability and emotional responses. It may introduce unpredictable behavioral traits. In addition to this, it may create financial issues, which in turn leads to unhappy homes.

In today’s world common addictions like tobacco, cigarette are reducing due to multiple  majors taken by government and associated risk of Cancer. But at the same time addiction of alcohol, drugs etc have taken various forms and many people are treating them as a part of their lifestyle. The major concern is that it is grasping various age and income groups in different ways, though the end result on body, mind and financial stability is almost of the same nature.

How to stop addiction ?


For very few people mere will power, will work to get rid of any addiction which is part of his/her life for long time. Expert consultation and counseling might work for a person, who really wants to get rid of it and who can get / afford an environment, which will be helpful for the same. But there are many persons, who live in such an environment, that it is almost impossible for him/her to avoid the urge for the addiction.

In such cases a supplementary product which helps to create nausea for the addiction might help. Nashaband is one of such supplementary product. It is tasteless, odorless when it is mixed with the food and there is almost zero chance, that an addict will come to know that (s)he is being treated with a medicine through his regular intake.

Nashaband is made from natural extracts and it has no side effects. It will help an addict to wean off the addiction gradually without his/her knowledge of the treatment.